European cranberry bushes bloom in late spring to early summer with white flowers. Prune plants to improve structure, control their size, stimulate new growth or eliminate damaged or diseased branches. Melody Lee holds a degree in landscape design, is a Florida Master Gardener, and has more than 30 years of gardening experience. Prune out any diseased, damaged or dead shoots using long-handled loppers or a saw if necessary And finally, thin out crowded shoots and any badly positioned ones that spoil the shrub’s appearance How to Trim Lilac, Rose of Sharon and Forsythia Bushes, Missouri Botanical Garden: Viburnum Opulus 'Roseum', Maryland Cooperative Extension: Pruning Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Disinfecting Pruning Tools, How to Prune Knockout Roses After Budding. Prune limbs that are rubbing or crossed with hand pruners or lopping shears to prevent future damage to involved limbs. The European cranberry bush (Viburnum opulus) is a deciduous multi-stem shrub. Perform this type of pruning no more than once every five years. Once eastablished it will need little or no pruning. Snip off side shoots with a diameter less than 1/4 inch at their point of origin along the lead branches. How and when should I prune viburnum opulus, guelder Rose? Check for dead or damaged branches and remove them as well. Make cuts at a 30-degree angle at a bud or joint. European cranberry bushes have an upright form, but larger varieties tend to spread with age. Dwarf varieties grow 1 to 3 feet tall, compact varieties grow 5 to 6 feet tall, and large varieties grow 10 to 13 feet tall. Attaining tree size at 12' by 12', clusters of tiny white flowers resembling snowballs cover the plant in spring. All Rights Reserved. [1] X Research source Deadheading, or cutting off the flowers, won’t harm viburnum. Use hand pruners for limbs up to ½ inch in diameter and lopping shears for larger limbs. Thin out the center of the snowball bush to improve air circulation among the branches. Very little pruning is required – simply trim to shape after flowering, taking care not to remove all spent blooms as these turn into beautiful red berries. Viburnum Opulus or Snowball Viburnum Another trendy bush, snowball viburnum is easy to manage and grows into a dense mound. Red berries follow in early fall. Discard the pruned flower heads into a compost bin. Butterflies love their flowers and birds love Use a clean saw to remove the older branches if the pruning shears are too small. If so, when? Prune the snowball bush in early summer to encourage fresh, new growth. Leaves look much like those of Viburnum opulus; they emerge reddish tinged, mature to dark green, turn yellow to red-purple in fall. Signs of disease include cankers, slimy spots in the bark, split wood, or dead or dying leaves. European cranberry bushes have an upright form, but larger varieties tend to spread with age. Avoid planting extremely hot droughty or dry exposed, cold The European cranberry bush (Viburnum opulus) is a deciduous multi-stem shrub. Pruning in March The winter snowball and the Guelder rose differ from other Viburnum varieties. Remove debris from around shrubs. You might read that they need a lot of moisture, but in my experience and over the last few years of drought, they have done well with little water and mulch over the roots. Thin out old and weak limbs by cutting them at ground level with hand pruners or lopping shears. Viburnums are really tough plants. Snowball bushes are adaptable and will thrive with little hands-on care or upkeep. * Viburnum opulus is called Guelder Rose rather than Snowball, but it does belong to the same family, which is why it is included here. Bush ( viburnum opulus ) is a chore you tackle at specific times in the spring differ other! The lead branches to preserve the shrub 's natural shape rose in moist but well-drained soil full! 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