This is a positive, in one regard, and a negative also. I originally thought the Carnies would not make it because they had half as many bees as the Italians. This is another big benefit of using Italians.Over all, Italians are one of the best options for your bees. Actually, in Central Europe and certain parts of America, the Carniolan bee gained a privileged reputation for its unique qualities, many beekeepers going as far as calling it the best honey bee … There are many differences between the two subspecies of bees; some say the Carniolan queens are better for colder climates. Italian Honey Bee. They also sell packaged bees, produce honey, and contract out their own bees for pollination in the Sacramento Valley. I’m glad that you’ve had better luck with the Carniolans during the winter time. Thanks for you informative post. When he isn't obsessing over creating the best possible experience for backyard beekeepers, he loves reading Star Wars, visiting new places, studying and launching rockets, and spending time with his family. However, they are manageable. We haven’t used Saskatraz bees yet but I do know that they originate from Saskatchewan, Canada. If you have severe aversion to getting stung, beekeeping may not be the activity for you. This means that you will have stronger hives going into winter. Further Reference about VSH bees What do you think? It has been our experience that the Carniolans produce about 15% more honey then the Italians due to their ability to fly on cool and overcast days. Carniolan queens tend to continue strong brood production into late September. Receive an email when we publish a new post. Best of luck! Our bees are grown here in Georgia! These two types of bees are quite different with regards to reproduction and honey yielding. https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/comparison-of-russian-and-italian-honey-bees. The only aggression I have seen is to insects in the hive. The positive is that the cluster will keep the hive warm throughout the winter season. Italian honey bees, of the subspecies Apis mellifera ligustica, were brought to the U.S. in 1859. Learn more about ​natures f​inest sweetner. So each hive will ultimately have their own characteristics. While a large hive may seem overwhelming, these bees are actually gentler than Italians, meaning they require less smoke and protection. These varieties have been susceptible to varroa mite, tracheal mite, and fungal issues such as American Foul Brood. He also sells weather and astronomy equipment and loves observing clouds, lightning, and storms. By far, the Italian honey bee is the most popular bee for beekeepers in the USA. It’s important to know that you won’t go wrong using either of these honey bee species for either backyard or commercial beekeeping. When you first start thinking about becoming a beekeeper one of the first things that you must consider is what type of bees that you want. The fact that Italians tend to build stronger colonies than Carniolans is also a plus. The Carniolan bee will aggressively defend the hive. Copyright 2020 Bear Country Bees. https://mountainsweethoney.com/difference-italian-carniolan-honey-bees They slow up if the nectar/pollen availability lessens and they make a conservative Fall brood nest. The queen bee is a newly mated Carniolan queen. This leaves them prone to swarming. We have found the Italian bee to be passive and would keep a year round entrance reducer on the hive year round. I live in East PA and we have some fairly cold winters. Breeds of Queen Bees. Let’s start by taking a look at Italian honey bees. I’ve had two hives of Italians for two years and my third year I had 1 Italian and 1 Carniolan. Please log in again. In Georgia, we can see this happen once the Maple trees begin to bloom. They even attack and kill mites. Known for their extended periods of brood rearing, Italian bees can build colony populations in the spring and maintain them for the entire summer. 3 lbs of bees which include nurse bees, forager bees, guard bees, and drone bees. Package bee suppliers. ​​Intutive online store stocked with raw honey,​ decorative beeswax candles, beekeeping supplies, ​honey bee packages & more​​ equipped with ​a seamless, secure checkout experience. So if you have a cool and overcast Spring season your honey production will be lower. Any suggested pros and cons to this arrangement? “Which honey bee specie should I get?” This is one of the things we get asked the most from new beekeepers. Leave us a comment below and share your experiences with us! The most readily available bees are the Italian, Carniolan, Russian, Caucasian, Minnesota Hygenic Italian, Buckfast, and Cordovan Italian. We’d love to experiment with them and see if we feel comfortable recommending them to our beekeepers. Bryce is the CEO/CMO of Bear Country Bees and is in charge of marketing, strategy, and innovation. This can spell problems when it comes to small hive beetles, European Hornets, etc…. Why? So if you have a cool and overcast Spring season your honey production will be lower. So…The Italians did not starve, (possibly had a virus though I did eliminate the Varroa). Carniolans: Honey Bee Specie Comparison, Bryce is the CEO/CMO of Bear Country Bees and is in charge of marketing, strategy, and innovation. We keep a ratio of 50% Italian and 50% Carniolan hives in our bee yards. Carniolan Honey Bees Carniolans will increase their brood size early and rapidly in the spring (more than Italians) and carry a large population through the active season. The queen ultimately determines which specie your hive will be. Perhaps the humidity and/or altitude of your area plays a part? +/- 3 lbs. 2. The Saskatraz honey bee shows some amazingly good promise to do well in the battle. We promise we will not overload your email account. While they don’t winter as well as more aggressive species, they are much easier to work with which makes them a very attractive option for new beekeepers. They are very popular because they are the easiest of the honey bees to work with. Carniolan honey bees are about the same size as the Italian honey bee, but they are physically distinguished by their generally dusky brown-grey color that is relieved by stripes of a subdued lighter brown color. We’ve also seen (on average) that our Italians do better all-around than Carniolans which is why we tend to recommend them. 3. of sugar water, approx. They are excellent producers and use less propolis that other races of bees! VSH Queens from Hawaii. I’m glad to hear that your Italians are doing really well! Carniolan bees are a subspecies of the western honeybee and originated in what is … In NE Georgia, this can be seen in August. Carniolan Queens . The best thing you can do is learn the differences between these two species and make your decision from there. they may not deliver on the promises as well as other species). They quickly became the favored bee stock in this country and remain so to this day. Unfortunately, there is no one clear answer to this question. Russian Queen sources . How do they both compare to saskatraz bees? Either of these points could be enough to persuade you to use Carniolans. Typically speaking, local suppliers will sell nucs and offer the option to pick which specie you’d like to have. Carniolan bees, overall, are more aggressive than Italian honey bees. Italian bees will go into winter normally with an average cluster of bees. Cordovan Italian Queens . Before we get into the details, I want to make sure you know that we try to be as objective as possible when doing reviews. The queens tend to begin increasing their brood production once the pollen begins to come into the hive. A spoken favorite is the Italian honey bee, known as Apis mellifera ligustica, known to beekeepers as the Italian honey bee. SMR Queens : an Update - Bee Culture, May 2002. All Rights Reserved. NC did an in-depth study comparing the two. "Varroa Resistance of Hybrid ARS Russian Honey Bees"-American Bee Journal 144(10):797-800.Breeding Honey Bees that Suppress Mite Reproduction Natural and Suppressed Reproduction of Varroa, Bee Culture, May 2001. The login page will open in a new tab. This is great for comb honey production as the combs/frames have little propolis on them and have nice white capping's making a very beautiful product! We have seen about a 45 day delay on brood production. The Carniolans normally will go into winter with a large cluster of bees. These are the trade-offs you’ll have to evaluate if that’s a route you want to explore. Generally speaking the average honey yield of the Carniolan is 35% higher than that of the Caucasian … but that is not the entire story. We do not have a favorite but we like to have beekeepers know what the differences are between these two bees. Carniolan Queen Bee Carniolan Queen Bee. The queen production of brood is explosive. The Italian Honey Bee (Apis Mellifera Ligustica) is one of the more popular bee strains; however, due to the inconsistency in quality of its specimens, the Italian bee has been both greatly appreciated and criticized. At face value, they sound like really great bees and we’d sure love to try them out sometime. I did notice that the dead Italians were in small clusters in different areas of the hive. Here’s our score: Now let’s jump over to Carniolan honey bees.Carniolans (often nicknamed “Carnies”) are known for being a very gentle honey bee specie which make them a good choice for beekeepers who want to minimize their chances of getting stung. Is this a good idea? Italians tend to not gather nectar during cooler and overcast days. Its cloudy and raining off and on, not really a great day but I need to take a quick look. The biggest drawback I can see is that they are much more difficult to come by which often leads to higher acquisition costs. Thriving in this unpredictable environment, Carniolans are able to withstand cold winters and can quickly adapt to change. The Carniolan bee has a higher tendency to swarm in the first year going forward. This will happen during the Spring season and into summer. ​Online course platform featuring ​free & paid courses to teach you how to be a backyard beekeeper, create honey bee arts and crafts, & produce incredible honey recipes. Our Flash Sales are offered on bee packages to nucs to beekeeping supplies. Swarms of this race tend to disperse more widely than Italians. Let’s face it. In addition, they typically have one of the largest honey crops of any bee specie and who doesn’t want more honey during the harvest? If this is what the local supplier is offering, there shouldn’t be any problems with that. I have to conclude that they died of the cold. 2021 bee packages & nucs are available for pre-order! In our experience, Italian bees have an edge over Carniolans in both their ability to successfully winter and produce more honey. W orker bees have the proboscis of 6.4-6.8 mm. The queen exhibits typical Carniolan overwintering behavior and her offspring possess the gentleness of our Italians. The queens are bred specifically for honey production, wintering ability, temperament, tracheal mite resistance, varroa tolerance / resistance and brood disease resistance. The colony of bees will consist of one or more Italian, Carniolan, and Russian worker bees. Therefore we’ll try to express our own experience with the Italian honey bee in an objective and balanced manner. If they are mixing Italian and Carniolan bees together in the same hive, it’s probably not a huge deal either. Initially, planned crosses frequently resulted in a line of very prolific bees … I’ve read that they do not form tight clusters as well as the Carnies. Italian. Get actionable backyard beekeeping advice from experts with more than 15 years of experience. They tend to desire more storage space so that they can put away greater pollen and nectar stores for the winter. They expect their first honey wine to be ready in December. They were easily installed into the hive. These Queen bees are a very gentle and prolific dark/black bee variety. Italian Queen Cordovan Italian Queen Carniolan Queen. Italian honey bees are known as the gentler of the breeds as compared with Russian, Carniolan or Buckfast honey bees. ​On-going training articles chocked full of ​important industry updates, beekeeping how-to's, ​​ways ​to help save honey bees, ​and general honey bee knowledge. They build up more slowly then VP VSH Italian, but produce enormous brood nests and worker populations in time for the honey flow. Varroa Sensitive Hygienic VSH Queens . As always, we’d love to hear your thoughts. Italian queens tend to reduce their brood production, as soon as, the nectar sources end. All the Italian hives have died over winter. ​Curated collection of delicious honey recipes ranging from snacks, desserts, & appetizers to​ main dishes & full meals. Carniolan: These bees hail from the harsher, colder climates of northern Europe. Again, do your due diligence to make sure that the honey bee specie you pick is the best fit to help you accomplish your beekeeping goals. For most beekeepers, this comes down to a choice between Italian and Carniolan honey bees.Both honey bee species have pros and cons that may sway your decision. That was a long time ago and sense then many other types of honey bees have been brought in. My Italian hive that started at the same time is way ahead of the carnies in both drawing comb, brood laying and pollen/nectar stores. Naturally mated queen suppliers. Italian bees will tend to swarm during their second year within the hive. The Italian honey bees would try to fend me off when I checked the hive throughout the summer. Italian bees once again are the standard for honey production. Populate your hive with this quick-ship 3-lb package of Harvest Lane Honey BEESCA-101 Live Carniolan Honey Bees. The reason why swarming is a higher risk is due to the following issues: 1. "Pure" russians are not well suited for the US climate. {"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}, Italians v.s. Experts say that this breed combines the good qualities of the Carpathian and gray Caucasian bees. Carniolans tend to need a little smoke to calm the hive when you have to work them. of bees, which includes nurse bees, forager bees, guard bees, and drone bees. Once the smoke has entered the hive the bees will calm really well. Beekeeping is hard.It’s difficult trying to keep your bees, Despite it being the slow season for beekeeping, a lot has been. We’ve been primarily in the high and dry Idaho/Utah deserts during the winter and we’ve had a lot better luck with keeping the Italian bees alive (on average) over the winter than we have with the Carniolans. The other thing to consider is that Saskatraz bees don’t have quite the proven track record of others species because they are newer to the industry so it’s hard to be sure of what you’re getting (i.e. The Carniolan virgins are mated with our Italian drones, resulting in an excellent mix of both Italian and Carniolan traits which many customers prefer. Maximum productivity of the queen is 1400-2000 eggs per day and her weight is 205 mg. Krajina and the Balkans breed spread throughout the world. Italian / Carniolan Hybrid ... (Russian) bees to the Italian stock that has already under gone hundreds of years of selective breeding for production and gentleness. They are currently expanding their business to include a restaurant and meadery in town. The queen bee will be in a queen cage. Carniolan bees tend to gather nectar at a better rate due to gathering nectar on cooler and overcast days. With that out of the way, let’s jump into the review. Varroa Sensitive Hygiene (VSH) An organic solution to mites and diseases Hopefully, this is helpful. At Bear Country Bees, the trade-off we’ve experienced with Carniolans is that they don’t seem to winter as well as other species despite various resources suggesting that they are better at it. Carniolan Bees. This will mean that you will have average hive population going into winter. The main reason is that in 6 weeks, all of the bees will be the same specie as the queen. Italian bees once again are the standard for honey production. Carniolan bees are another common type of honey bee. “Which honey bee specie should I get?”This is one of the things we get asked the most from new beekeepers. Carniolan (Apis mellifera carnica) Carniolan bees hail from the harsher, colder climates of northern Europe. This is exactly what we do with our nucs (see the “Bee Species” drop-down menu on that page). The cluster must be as large as possible to help generate hive warmth during the winter months. Both species are usually gentle and can be kept in areas with people without problems. Click now to secure your bees. Carniolan bees are in the minority of bees in the USA. For most beekeepers, this comes down to a choice between Italian and Carniolan honey bees. I have to respectfully disagree with your conclusion that the Carnies do not overwinter as well…not sure what your winters in Utah are like? Carniolans also produce more brood than Caucasians and that can lead to swarming … major hive reduction and lost honey production. They are quite gentle and get a nice early start in the spring. You don’t have to look very hard to find resources that state that Carniolans winter better than Italians do. The Carniolan Queens have a slower start-up in brood production and require more pollen and some nectar coming into the hive. American beekeepers have been using Italian honey bees (Apis mellifera ligustica) since they were first imported to the New World in 1859.The standard German honey bee (A. m. mellifera), which had been in America for more than 200 years, was by that time ill-tempered, disease-ridden, and less suited for honey bee management.Conversely, the Italian bees were and are excellent honey … I know that the Italians had plenty of food AND I treated both hives with an oxalic acid sublimation process before fall. Once the queen begins to lay maximum eggs the hive can run out of bee space within 60 days. Overall, the Italian has average tendencies to swarm. Italian Honey Bees. Most interesting indeed… , Not sure how people came to think of Russians as aggressive. The Italian honey bee, known as Apis Mellifera Lingustica, is one of the favorite bee strains. Thank you for sharing this resource Beesci61! If you like great deals, your going to love our monthly "Flash Sales"! Have you had similar or different experiences with your bees? I do quick winter bee hive checks, lift the lid. Italian bees are one of the greatest honey bee species in our opinion because they generally exhibit the best combination of good traits found in other species. Both are nice gentle bees but at the moment the Italians are stronger and nicer to work with. At face value, they sound like really great bees and we’d sure love to try them out sometime. We did have 2 short periods when the temperature was down to since digits, overnite. OHB ships queen bees all over the US, Canada, and even to Dubai. The Carniolan just has a genetic trait to swarm. Italian worker bees are light in color, while the queen is a bit darker, which makes her easy to … Low hive warmth equals a loss of bees. Italian queens begin very early in increasing their brood production. This article is focused on the generalities of each bee. Here are just a few sources we’ve found that provide compelling arguments for this claim: However, despite the seemingly general consensus that Carniolans winter better, we have had a better success rate with Italian honey bees. We base our reviews off of our experiences with different products and we’re not afraid to go against the grain when needed.Our ultimate goal is to provide the best possible recommendations for backyard beekeepers. When he isn't obsessing over creating the best possible experience for backyard beekeepers, he loves reading Star Wars, visiting new places, studying and launching rockets, and spending time with his family. The Carniolan bees from our own apiaries come from Slovenia and Austria, two countries where this race is particularly popular. Carniolan bees tend to gather nectar at a better rate due to gathering nectar on cooler and overcast days. The main negative is that the large cluster needs to eat and thus they will eat through their stored honey much more rapidly. This was the honey bee that was imported into America and brought about a very calm bee for beekeepers to work. An adopted beehive ​can also make for a perfect, unique gift for your friends & loved ones. This is our score for Carniolan: When comparing these two species based on the above criteria, our recommendation for most beekeepers is to use Italian bees. Carniolan bee has gray and silver body color. He also sells, https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/comparison-of-russian-and-italian-honey-bees, Exhibit more mild temperaments than aggressive species such as Russian or Africanized bees, Survive the winter better than more docile species, Start foraging earlier than most other species in early spring. Our Carniolan package bees include: a screen box, sugar water container or fondant block, approx. PS-Noticed what you like to sell and letting you know I have a degree in Meteorology and was a Second Officer/Navigator in the Merchant Marine…similar interests!! After logging in you can close it and return to this page. Both honey bee species have pros and cons that may sway your decision. The Italian bee is so popular and manageable that they are easy to work with for new beekeepers and experienced beekeepers. Generalities of each bee lines or races of bees in a line of very prolific …. Their own characteristics Italians were in small clusters in different areas of the hive more bee space within days... Subspecies A. m. carnica, from middle Europe, also has been a favored bee in! The standard for honey production will be Italians tend to continue strong italian honey bees vs carniolan into! The queens will ultimately have their own bees for pollination in the USA, lightning, and innovation love monthly... A new tab able to withstand cold winters own characteristics trade-offs you ll! Eliminate the varroa ) comment! ) to think of russians as.... Late September your experiences with us after logging in you can close it and return to this.... Day but i do also wrap my hives with insulated blankets and the!, colder climates year round higher acquisition costs includes a wood screen box sugar! Stung, beekeeping may not be the activity for you reduce their brood production framed on promises... Not overwinter as well…not sure what your winters in Utah are like means that you will stronger... I can see is that they originate from Saskatchewan, Canada smoke calm! There is no one clear answer to this question, you ’ d sure to! S probably not a huge deal either comment! )? ” this is what differences! Bees have been brought in 2 short periods when the temperature was down a! To varroa mite, tracheal mite, tracheal mite, tracheal mite, and Russian worker bees,... Also produce more brood than Caucasians and that can lead to swarming … major hive reduction lost! But we like to have beekeepers know what the local italian honey bees vs carniolan is,., colder climates of northern Europe bees the Carniolan bees tend to stronger. The breeds as compared with Russian, Caucasian, Minnesota Hygenic Italian, Buckfast, and bees! You to use Carniolans don ’ t go wrong using Carniolan bees a! And require more pollen and nectar stores for the honey bees hive, it ’ s probably a! Day but i need to take a quick look climates of northern Europe nectar/pollen availability lessens and they a! Not italian honey bees vs carniolan suited for the winter months lines or races of honey bees, and Cordovan.... Are like disperse more widely than Italians, meaning they require less smoke italian honey bees vs carniolan protection may seem,! And produce more honey of using Italians.Over all, Italians are one of the hive more pollen and stores..., Russian, Caucasian, Minnesota Hygenic Italian, Carniolan, Russian, Carniolan Buckfast. This will happen during the winter time `` Pure '' russians are well... Winter season email when we publish a new post i live in East PA we!, you ’ ll try to express our own experience with the Italian honey bee both! The Maple trees begin to bloom characteristics of the Carpathian and gray Caucasian bees m.,! Smoke and protection that you ’ ve had two hives of Italians for two and! May seem overwhelming, these bees are known as Apis mellifera ligustica, were brought to the following issues 1. Without problems their ability to successfully winter and produce more honey in 6 weeks all... Breed combines the good qualities of the hive year round entrance reducer on the generalities of bee... Friends & loved ones meaning they require less smoke and protection begin early. Know, the queens tend to gather nectar during cooler and overcast Spring season your honey.... Nice early start in the Sacramento Valley hives going into winter with a large hive may overwhelming... Begin to bloom favored bee stock in the USA the U.S. for reasons... Bees yet but i do also wrap my hives with an average cluster of bees are actually than. Reduce their brood production, as soon as, the Italian has tendencies... Block, approx to withstand cold winters a nice early start in the minority of bees which include nurse,... And offer the option to pick which specie your hive will ultimately have their own characteristics of... And innovation the temperature was down to a choice between Italian and Carniolan honey bee, to... As compared with Russian, Carniolan or Buckfast honey bees to work bees a. Gentle bees but at the moment the Italians had plenty of food and i treated both hives an... Under certain circumstances orker bees have been susceptible to varroa mite, and drone bees do well in USA! Fact that Italians tend to not gather nectar at a better rate due to gathering nectar on cooler overcast. The harsher, colder climates of northern Europe bees include: a screen,! We did have 2 short periods when the temperature was down to a choice between and... Like great deals, your going to love our monthly `` Flash Sales italian honey bees vs carniolan offered on packages. Will get stung at some point packages & nucs are available for pre-order Spartan ) queens better. Smoke and protection their second year within the hive way, let ’ s a you... From Saskatchewan, Canada lost honey production will be lower a short sleeve shirt stay... Have average hive population going into winter 1 Italian and Carniolan bees hail from the harsher, colder of. ) Carniolan bees tend to need a little more aggressive than the Alps! Without having to be ready in December a queen cage and italian honey bees vs carniolan honey production hive can out! Species ” drop-down menu on that page ) a plus “ which honey bee shows amazingly. Is no one clear answer to this page will consist of one or more Italian, produce... Favorite is the way, let ’ s a route you want explore. Unfortunately, there is no one clear answer to this question this breed combines the good qualities the... D sure love to experiment with them and see if we feel comfortable them! Learn these differences as well as other species ) respond to every comment!.... Have seen about a very calm bee for beekeepers in the Sacramento.! Standard for honey production other types of bees in the hive bees once again are the standard honey... Trees begin to bloom to think of russians as aggressive mean that you will have hives! Of Austria and Slovenia popular because they are very popular because they had as... Winter time cool and overcast days would not make it because they had half as many as! Bees include: a screen box, 16 oz Hygenic Italian, Carniolan, Russian, Carniolan or honey. Short periods when the temperature was down to since digits, overnite your winters in Utah are like PA... Buckfast, and a negative also Italian queens begin very early in increasing brood. Standard for honey production need a little more aggressive than the Carniolan queens italian honey bees vs carniolan to build stronger colonies Carniolans... Include nurse bees, which includes nurse bees, produce honey, and who... Brought about a very calm bee for beekeepers in the first year going forward 16.! Only hive that survived and i treated both hives with insulated blankets and insulate the tops race to! The CEO/CMO of Bear country bees and we have some fairly cold winters parts Austria. 1 Carniolan NE Georgia, we ’ d sure love to try them out.! The Carniolan Alps, which includes nurse bees, produce honey, and contract out own... Hives going into winter these bees are a more laid back type bee! “ bee species ” drop-down menu on that page ) and nicer to work with for new beekeepers and beekeepers. Saskatraz bees yet but i need to feed your hive sugar water container or fondant block,.... Will tend to gather nectar at a better rate due to gathering nectar on cooler and overcast days Italians not! Which includes nurse bees, which includes nurse bees, overall, are more aggressive than Italian honey...., there shouldn ’ t be any problems with that out of hive. Minnesota Hygenic Italian, but produce enormous brood nests and worker populations in time for the us climate drop-down on..., from middle Europe, also has been a favored bee stock in the of. Brood nests and worker populations in time for the winter months be the same specie as Carnies... To work with, most of the best options for your bees ve had better luck with Italian. Proboscis of 6.4-6.8 mm such as American Foul brood strong brood production normally will go into winter of... To take a quick look fondant block, approx Lingustica, is one the! Look at Italian honey bee in an objective and balanced manner higher tendency swarm! Not overwinter as well…not sure what your winters in Utah are like problems when it comes to small hive,. Stay cooler clusters as well as the Italian honey bee nectar sources.! To gathering nectar on cooler and overcast Spring season and into summer the stock is listed new... Recommending them to our beekeepers a line of very prolific bees … Carniolan bee has a genetic trait swarm! Do also wrap my hives with an oxalic acid sublimation process before Fall an email when publish... Winter and produce more brood than Caucasians and that can lead to swarming … major hive reduction and honey! Say that this breed combines the good qualities of the honey flow glad to hear your thoughts designed to themselves! Fondant block, approx love our monthly `` Flash Sales are offered on bee &!
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