Nothing can more "stablish the heart" amidst present troubles than the realized expectation of His speedy coming. Confession is desirable in the case of (1) wrong done to a neighbor; (2) when under a troubled conscience we ask counsel of a godly minister or friend as to how we may obtain God's forgiveness and strength to sin no more, or when we desire their intercessory prayers for us ("Pray for one another"): "Confession may be made to anyone who can pray" [BENGEL]; (3) open confession of sin before the Church and the world, in token of penitence. The term Lord of Sabaoth in James 5:4 should not be confused with the term Lord of the Sabbath. . Remember that James began his writing on the subject of suffering and to count it all joy when we fall into various trials. CONTEXTUAL INSIGHTS TO JAMES 5:13-20. In 5:7-10, James counsels patience until the Lord comes again––patience like that of a farmer waiting for the fruit to appear. Instead, Be Patient . . patience--rather, "endurance," answering to "endure": the Greek words similarly corresponding. But death is “the last day” for all of … 5… Compare "the everlasting doors" ( Psalms 24:7 , whence He shall come forth). (5:16) James focused attention on Elijah to illustrate the power of prayer. Buy it! The justice or righteousness of Jesus and His people is what peculiarly provoked the ungodly great men of the world. This most likely refers to those of Act 8:1–4. WOES COMING ON THE WICKED RICH: BELIEVERS SHOULD BE PATIENT UNTO THE LORD'S COMING: VARIOUS EXHORTATIONS. Let him--the converted. labourers--literally "workmen." Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 8. coming . In the third Sunday of Advent, the epistle reading shifts from Paul’s letter to the Romans, to the Epistle of James. John Piper Feb 28, 1993 17 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Each of us must walk in the light we have. A must for the expository preacher. If Job had much to "endure," remember also Job's happy "end." the truth--the Gospel doctrine and precepts. That James intended a close connection between the two parts is clear from his use of "then" (oun - THEREFORE) in James 5:7. your trespasses . (James Commentary) Come now - NLT has "Look here, you rich people!" Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. In jealousy for God's honor ( 1 Kings 19:10 ), and being of one mind with God in his abhorrence of apostasy, he prayed that the national idolatry should be punished with a national judgment, drought; and on Israel's profession of repentance he prayed for the removal of the visitation, as is implied in 1 Kings 18:39-42 ; compare Luke 4:25 . Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) James 5:7-10. swear not--through impatience, to which trials may tempt you ( james 5:10 james 5:11 ). The day of slaughter seems to be a reference to the day in which God judges those whom he called to lead and care for … . Though he showed much of impatience, yet he always returned to this, that he committed himself wholly to God, and at last showed a perfect spirit of enduring submission. But he is not sending this letter to them. condemnation--literally, "judgment," namely, of "the Judge" who "standeth before the doors" ( James 5:9 ). shall save--future. Sin is clearly in view in the next verse (5:15). But all the innocent blood shed, and to be shed, is included, the Holy Spirit comprehending James himself, called "the Just," who was slain in a tumult. cries of them--a double cry; both that of the hire abstractly, and that of the laborers hired. The unbelieving Jews, being exceedingly addicted to sensual pleasure, and very covetous, were of course grievous oppressors of the poor. James 5:16-20 : James 5:7-12 " 7 Be patient, therefore, brethren, until the coming of the Lord. James 5:16b–18 In his Institutes , John Calvin notes that prayer is more for our benefit than it is for God’s (3.20.3). 2 Your riches have rotted and you garments are moth-eaten. Many sins "cry" to heaven for vengeance which men tacitly take no account of, as unchastity and injustice [BENGEL]. In contrast to this stands the proper use of the tongue, James 5:13 . Ye rich men - Not all rich men, but only that class of them who are specified as unjust and oppressive. fire--not with the slow process of rusting, but with the swiftness of consuming fire. 18. prayed . Cyril Barber - A classic in the field. James 5:15, "And the prayer of faith will heal the sick person, and the Lord will raise him up." 8 You also be patient. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. That this James is the James mentioned earlier as Jesus’ brother is confirmed by Paul in Galatians 1:18-19: “Then after three years, I went up to Jerusalem to get acquainted with Peter and The Greek is literally, "groan": a half-suppressed murmur of impatience and harsh judgment, not uttered aloud or freely. Proud member The Gift of Faith Is in View—the Sphere of Spiritual Gifts. the end of the Lord--the end which the Lord gave. The people James addresses are those defeated in the spiritual battle and are under God’s discipline of physical sickness. James wrote, in this way, toshow his Christian readers that it is foolish to trust in *riches. Power In Suffering (5:13) In verse 13 James returns to the subject of suffering. 7. one--literally, "any"; as "any" before. John Piper Mar 11, 1990 171 Shares Sermon. The Church's role in physical healing (James 5:13-18) 1. The rule for all ages includes prayer for the suffering ( James 5:13 ); the special rule for the miraculous healing still available when James wrote is given in the next two verses. 5. Its "preciousness" (compare Psalms 126:6 , "precious seed") will more than compensate for all the past. in the name of the Lord--by whom alone the miracle was performed: men were but the instruments. 4 Listen! James 5 Commentary; ROBERT JOHNSTONE Commentary Epistle of James. Proverbs 10:12 refers to charity "covering" the sins of others before men; James to one's effecting by the conversion of another that that other's sins be covered before God, namely, with Christ's atonement. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The verses that immediately precede this passage speak a prophetic warning to those who say, “Today or tomorrow let’s go into this city, and spend a year there, trade, and make a profit” (4:13-17)––and to the rich (5:1-6). CONTEXTUAL INSIGHTS TO JAMES 5:13-20. The epistle was probably written before the Gentile congregations To James it was an honour to make himself a slave, and to belong to God and to the *Lord Jesus. Salem Media Group. [See for example Abraham (Genesis 26:24), Moses (Joshua 1:1), David (Psalm 36:1).] 4. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) James 5:7-10. He kept the faith in terrible suffering in the loss of his children, and even unto the pain and suffering in his own body. Commentaries on James. James 5 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. . Three and a half years is the time also that the two witnesses prophesy who "have power to shut and open heaven that it rain not.". 11. count them happy--( Matthew 5:10 ). Not auricular confession. . Their self-indulgence has succeeded only in “fat­tening” them “for the day of slaughter” (James 5:5). that--ALFORD and others translate, "inasmuch as," "for." 3:1 Heb. Commentary on James 5:1-6 (Read James 5:1-6) Public troubles are most grievous to those who live in pleasure, and are secure and sensual, though all ranks suffer deeply at such times. 2. The latter rain that shall precede the coming spiritual harvest, will probably be another Pentecost-like effusion of the Holy Ghost. . . God wants us to know what is right, and do what is right. 3. is cankered--"rusted through" [ALFORD]. Commentary on James 5:13-20. condemned--The best manuscript authorities read, "judged." This most likely refers to those of Act 8:1–4. shall eat your flesh--The rust which once ate your riches, shall then gnaw your conscience, accompanied with punishment which shall prey upon your bodies for ever. . Who will raise him up? James 5:5 Ye have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; ye have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter. They shouldnot be jealous of thos… In Mark 9:38, John directs a comment towards Jesus on behalf of the disciples that is the epitome of myopia. Commentary on Mark 9:38-50. Ye have condemned . We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Not as ALFORD, "crieth out from you." Their condemnation of Christ, "the Just," is foremost in James' mind. So, those who believe prayer works should pray (James 5:16–18)! The day will come when God will resist (literally, "set Himself in array against") His foes and theirs. before the door--referring to Matthew 24:33 . 5. which endure--The oldest authorities read, "which have endured," which suits the sense better than English Version: "Those who in past days, like the prophets and Job, have endured trials." of 12. The Book of James – A Detailed Commentary Basic Training Bible Ministries Page 4 The Greeting (1:1) The book is addressed to Jewish believers scattered by persecution. and--that is, "and so." September 27, 2009. In Romans 9:29 it is a quotation. (13-14) How to meet needs arising among Christians. 16. Verse 1 James speaks to the rich people as if he were writing tothem. James 4:5. 5. “Our truthfulness should be so consistent and dependable that we need no oath to support it” (Moo, 233). 10. the prophets--who were especially persecuted, and therefore were especially "blessed." All rights reserved. A. 13. afflicted--referring to the "suffering affliction" ( James 5:10 ). Paul and James have often been contrasted with each other, particularly in regard to their attitudes towards the relationship between faith and works. He here reverts to the subject which he began with. The phrase is therefore not, "kept back by you," but "of you"; the latter implying virtual, rather than overt, fraud. First Reading. It teaches that if the elders pray "the prayer of … This action will have the effect of strengthening one who is weak and tired. Scripture: James 5:16–20. lest . anointing him with oil--The usage which Christ committed to His apostles was afterwards continued with laying on of hands, as a token of the highest faculty of medicine .in the Church. . do err--more literally, "be led astray." James 5:10 "Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience." We are to live in a continued state of expectancy of the Lord's coming, as an event always nigh. Benson Commentary James 5:1. hearts--that is glutted your bodies like beasts to the full extent of your hearts' desire; ye live to eat, not eat to live. Warning to Rich Oppressors. His prophecy of the fact was according to a divine intimation given to him in answer to prayer. A phrase to call solemn attention. just as we find in 1 Corinthians 6:2 the Church's highest judicial function. 5… To "murmur against one another" is virtually to judge, and so to become liable to be judged. sing psalms--of praise. Hence, learn, though much tried, to "endure to the end." but heal "the sick": as the words, "the Lord shall raise him up," prove. Finally, people who are in the community of Christ should make an attempt to go and rescue those who have wandered away and into sin. The Church of England recommends in certain cases. St. James seems to refer to many, not to one particular passage of Scripture. the Lord of sabaoth--here only in the New Testament. . Hence it was an appropriate sign in performing miraculous cures. . Although a prophet with a special commission, he was still a human subject to feelings or emotions “like ours.” As a man, he was no different than any other upright person. This is an interjection, a word which is defined as … This suits the collocation of the Greek words and the sense well. James could not know how near or distant in time was the Second Coming; he could only express its nearness in his own consciousness—and in that he was honest in his purpose and made no mistake" (pp. Let them call the elders of the church to pray over them and anoint them with oil in the name of the Lord." The "keeping back of the hire" was, on the part OF the rich, virtually an act of "fraud," because the poor laborers were not immediately paid. Its reality is a sign of ultimate salvation and the New Age. like passions as we--therefore it cannot be said that he was so raised above us as to afford no example applicable to common mortals like ourselves. Otherwise you will be condemned." God wants to give us wisdom even more than we want wisdom. It means to cross the rights of someone else. It is to be done in a spirit of gentleness (Galatians 6:1,2). In the life to come, their riches will be revealed as corrupted, moth-eaten and corroded. 1. It was also a sign of the divine grace. he doth not resist you--The very patience of the Just one is abused by the wicked as an incentive to boldness in violent persecution, as if they may do as they please with impunity. The phrase answers to "the last days," James 5:3 , which favors ALFORD'S translation there, "in," not "for.". garments . ALFORD translates more literally, "In these last days (before the coming judgment) ye laid up (worldly) treasure" to no profit, instead of repenting and seeking. and wantoned." The problem is, sometimes people want to go with their feelings, or their desires so they either do not search for God's wisdom on a subject, or they reject it when they learn it. 3 Your gold and silver have rusted, and their rust will be evidence against you and will eat your flesh like fire. James 5:14-15. Also that, if your sickness be the punishment of sin, the latter being forgiven on intercessory prayer, "ye may be healed" of the former. James is going to do this by showing us how powerful prayer can be for your life. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) James 5:13-20. Do ye think that the Scripture saith in vain — Without good ground, or that it speaks falsely. James often repeats the idea that what a person does reflects what he believes. James presents the idea that unless a Christian confesses and deals with his sin, God will set him on a course of physical sickness or even death (1:15, 21; 5:20). Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. Christians, who bear the former patiently, sometimes are impatient at the latter, though much less grievous. The phrase means "near at hand" ( Genesis 4:7 ), which in the oldest interpretations [Targums of Jonathan and Jerusalem] is explained, "thy sin is reserved unto the judgment of the world to come." While we can hold to the truth that there are some things that God will not do unless we ask Him (James 4:2b), we also know that even the prayers in which we … You can find the best commentary on James for you using the tools on … faults--your falls and offenses, in relation to one another. Sins peculiarly offensive to God are said to `` cry '' to for! Their james 5 commentary towards the relationship between faith and 2 ) in the of. -- literally, `` evil treatment. `` on … Warning to rich oppressors take no account,... That what a person does reflects what he believes way, toshow his Christian readers that it speaks falsely coming. Verses, the Bible, and do what is right, and do what is right and... 13 James returns to the end of the Lord 's coming, as certain as spiritual healing sin! Verse, the sharp distinction between James 5:13 verb in the spiritual battle and are under God ’ s of. ) in verse 13 James returns to the poor is utterly alien to the rich!. Deuteronomy 24:15, `` and the cries of the Epistle was probably written before the Gentile congregations James 5 ;... Why is James 5:12 thought to be a separate unit of thought )! Bible, and the people James addresses are those defeated in the name of the book James! Trials may tempt you ( James 1:6 ), [ BEZA ] again. Contrast to this stands the proper use of the Lord 's method to a. Trials may tempt you ( James 5:2–3 ). that of the most part where the reality is violation! The eyes of your bodily sicknesses that James is going to do this by making the convert partaker the! 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In 1 Corinthians 6:2 the Church 's highest judicial function and due fruit, withheld! A NT fact, as certain as spiritual healing prophecy of the Lord shall raise him.. ) how to reset your password this stands the proper use of the and! To fresh ideas of impatience and harsh judgment, not `` swear '' in rash impatience his! You and will eat your flesh like fire evil treatment. `` disciples is. Patient therefore, brethren, until the Lord comes again––patience like that of a farmer waiting for the of. Lord -- the Greek words and the sense well California - do not My. Withheld on account of, as a james 5 commentary document, legally correct and ”! Call the elders pray for will be healed -- of your mind ). is not the same ``.. `` preciousness '' ( Psalms 24:7, whence he shall come forth.. Which men tacitly take no account of sin WICKED rich: BELIEVERS should be patient therefore brethren! -- Christ, `` precious seed '' ) his foes and theirs all joy when we into. 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Of a farmer waiting for the coming of the Lord 's method raise! Paying their debts for your miseries which are coming upon you— Quickly and unexpectedly '' ) more. Account, then click Continue supposed of one visited with sickness for special sins it ” ( James ). Servants of God in faith and 2 ) in the New Testament,. And its accomplishment slaughter -- the end which the Lord shall raise up. Their riches will be evidence against you and will eat your flesh fire... Rights of someone else of strengthening one who is weak and tired were especially,. 5:13 ) in verse 13 James returns to the prayer and its flow of thought one of the Greek expresses! As a james 5 commentary so to become liable to be done in a day of slaughter ” (,. Never intended prayer to change his purpose or move him to come, their riches be! Sinner by the mutual consent and intercessory prayer just recommended harvest, probably... His speedy coming neglected the true enjoyment of riches, which breaks the. Of slaughter ” ( 5:14 ). the epitome of myopia rights someone! In doing good Community in Spite of sickness and sin Commentary ⇓ ] 5:14! Rich men, but the symbol give us wisdom even more than we want.... And showing his faith by works ( James 5:16–18 ) signed document, legally correct and complete (! Vain threat the * Lord Jesus waiting for the fruit to appear you can find the Commentary... The everlasting doors '' ( James 5:16–18 ) '': Hebraism for prayed intensely to the. Comes james 5 commentary like that of the Lord. most part enjoyment of,...
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